Driving in Costa Rica

Costa Rica Has Quality Roads, but That Don’t Equate to High Speeds

Driving in Costa Rica is like nothing you’ve ever imagined. If you aren’t accustomed to driving in Costa Rica, it’s mind boggeling. There isn’t a lack of signs, quite the opposite in fact. But, they are all the same size.  And, the reasons for which Ticos do and don’t use their horns is the greatest mystery of mankind!

Costa Rica is renowned for having some of Central America’s best infrastructure. In part, that is because Costa Rica’s roads and highways are well maintained. But, the mountains in Costa Rica are savage which means the roads are as well.

Costa Rica’s roads are narrow to the point of terrifying, though they are paved well. The highways and roads over and around the mountains of Costa Rica are extremely windy.  The roads have exceptionally steep inclines and declines and they are narrow. Even the roads in the cities have severe inclines and declines.

As such, driving in Costa Rica requires intense focus and a light foot.

Driving in Costa Rica
Special thanks to Kerry — kerryannmorgan.com — for use of her photo!

With the exception of the roads near the coasts and the northern third of Costa Rica, there are very few flat, straight roads. It is uncommon, particularly in Costa Rica’s mountains, for a driver to exceed 45 miles per hour.

It is very common for a 30 mile trip to take more than an hour.

Mapping software, even the most reliable, has a difficult time calculating travel times in Costa Rica. Often times, one provides far different times than the next. For example, MapQuest claims it is a 4 hours 22 minute trip from Limon to Jaco (coast to coast. Google Maps claims the same trip requires 6 hours 2 minutes.

Time/Distance Formula for Driving in Costa Rica

A reliable formula for calculating drive times in Costa Rica is to convert kilometers to minutes. It generally takes one minute to drive one kilometer. On smaller mountain roads, though, the conversion does not hold up. The safest bet is to assume it will take you at least and hour to reach a destination that is 60 kilometers — 36 miles — away.

Costa Rica’s Three Travel Hubs: The Cities/Towns You Must Drive Through to Get Anywhere in Costa Rica

The most well known cities in Costa Rica are San Jose, Limon and Cartago, but they are not an integral part of traveling around Costa Rica. The three municipalities you must travel through to get to any of Costa Rica’s major destinations are Alajuela, Siquirres and Liberia.

The vast majority of Costa Rica’s visitors land in Alajuela, though a fair share also use the airport in Liberia. But more importantly, the best road to the Costa Rica’s Central and South Pacific Coast — home of places like Jaco, Quepos/Manuel Antonio, Dominical and Golfito — heads west out of Alajuela.

Travelers who want to visit the towns and beaches on and around the Nicoya Peninsula must drive through Liberia. Likewise, anyone who wants to visit Costa Rica’s Caribbean Coast must travel through Siquirres. And, when leaving the Caribbean Coast, a trip up to North Central Costa Rica requires a trip through Siquirres.

The following breakdown is a rough estimate of how much time you will be spending on the road from each of Costa Rica’s three primary travel hubs to get to your desired destination.

Alajuela to…

Northcentral Costa Rica

Northern Pacific Coast

Central and Southern Pacific Coast

Central Valley

Caribbean Coast

Siquirres to…

Caribbean Coast

Northcentral

North Pacific Coast

South Pacific Costa Rica

Central Valley

Liberia to…

Northcentral Costa Rica

North Pacific Coast

Central and Southern Pacific Coasts

Central Valley

Caribbean Coast

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